basic aircraft structure

Airplanes come in many different shapes and sizes depending on the mission of the aircraft. provides the structural connection for the wings and tail assembly. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Structures are subject to one-way and oscillating stresses, the The fuselage is one of the major aircraft components with its long hollow tube that’s also known as the body of the airplane, which holds the passengers along with cargo. An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.It counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.Common examples of aircraft include airplanes, helicopters, airships (including blimps), gliders, paramotors and hot air balloons. Basic Aircraft Structure Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 9. D. Semi-monocoque structure. Learn more. Stresses include the weight of fuel, crew, and payload; Although similar in concept, aircraft can be classified as fixed and rotary wing structures Airplanes are transportation devices which are designed to move people and cargo from one place to another. 8. .Aircraft science and .Aircraft science and manufacturing process 2. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Follow them closely. Our structure training is built on a firm basis that will enable the student to perceive: • knowledge about materials on modern transport aircraft and their application • design principles and their derivatives • categorization of different types of damage on aircraft structures • basic application of aircraft manuals The airplane shown on this slide is a turbine-powered airliner which has been chosen as a representative aircraft. The determination of such loads is called stress analysis. Despite there being different types of fuselages, they all connect the major parts of an airplane together. This chapter serves as an introduction to the design, construction, inspection, and repair of basic airframe structures made from sheet metal. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. It develops shearing stresses which react to … The propeller or jet engine takes a large mass of air and accelerates it toward the rear of the aircraft. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Damage tolerant structure. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The primary objective of aircraft repair is to restore damaged parts to their original condition. STRUCTURAL STRESS LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Identify the five basic stresses acting on an aircraft. This page shows the parts of an airplane and their functions. "As an undergraduate studying aerospace engineering, I have to say this blog is a great resource for gaining extra history and If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. True. Test. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Which philosophy adhears to the concept whereby no single structure supports the entire load? The term “stress” is often used interchangeably with the word “strain.” The degree of deformation of a material is strain. The sequence of assembly of the basic structure of the airplane (fuselage, wings and tail) will depend on the instructions included in the kit. Aircraft: Design & Structure. composite materials will constitute a greater percentage of an aircraft's structure, but metallic materials will cer-tainly continue to be used for many years. Chapter Objective: Upon completion of this chapter, you will have a basic working knowledge of aircraft construction, structural stress, and materials used on both fixed- and rotary-wing airfraft. A history of aircraft structures from the early beginnings of wire-and-brace structures, to semi-monocoque and modern sandwich construction. The For detailed instructions regarding One of the requirements of an Aviation Structural Mechanic is to be familiar with the various terms related to aircraft construction. Flashcards. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. Chapter 4: Aircraft Basic Construction. The strength of aircraft materials must be great enough to withstand maximum force of varying stresses. Full monocoque fuselages uses formers, frame assemblies and bulkheads to give shape to the fuselage. The airframe is the basic structure of an aircraft, design to withstand aerodynamic forces and stresses imposed. Gravity. Every part of the aircraft must be planned to carry the load to be imposed upon it. 16 17 FUSELAGE • The fuselage is the main structure or body of the fixed-wing aircraft. Thrust is the force developed by the aircraft engines. These factors determine the requirements to be met by any material used to construct or repair the aircraft. The page is meant as a simple guide to understanding the basics of aeronautic structural design and the corresponding forces placed on different parts of the aircraft. Newton's law states; 'for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction." These factors determine the requirements to be met by any material used to construct or repair the aircraft. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. 1. The skin of the aircraft carries most of the structural load of the aircraft… If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. decomposed into a horizontal component Vx and a vertical component Vy as Vx = τta (1.4) Vy = τtb (1.5) Thus, the components of the resultant force of the shear stress τ have the relation manufacturing process. All structures must be designed with care because human life often depends on their performance. The primary factors to consider in aircraft structures are strength, weight, and reliability. This page is an overview of the structural requirements and solutions in the recent history of aircraft design. Mickie_Mills. The basic function of an aircraft’s structure are to transmit and resist the loads applied on aircraft so the structure can provide aerodynamic shape and protect the aircraft from environmental conditions encountered in flight. Older types of aircraft design utilized an open truss structure constructed of wood, steel, or aluminum tubing. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Apex strip: A triangular piece of stiff rubber which is fitted onto the bead core to taper the rigid bead into the flexible body plies in the sidewall. aircraft construction to work in an aviation rating. You need to understand the stresses encountered on the main parts of an aircraft. [Figure 2-5] The most popular types of fuselage structures used in today’s aircraft are the monocoque (French for “single shell”) and semimonocoque. The FAA route to certification adopted by civil aircraft manufacturers is based on the well-known test pyramid for aircraft structures, as set out for composite aircraft in FAA AC 20-107B (2010), which foresees five levels of tests from material characterisation test specimens, through structural elements of increasing complexity up to full aircraft structures. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Aircraft Structures Definitions A Access panel - removable panel for inspection or maintenance Aft - near of in the direction of the rear of the aircraft Aerodynamics - the study of how the moving body (aircraft) interacts with air flowing around it, flies Aerodynamic centre - the point of application for additional aerodynamic loads C. Monocoque structure. CHAPTER 1. Fuselage Landing gear Nacelle Tires. Part 4: Loads and Stresses Covers the loads that act on the different aircraft parts, the paths these loads travel on through a structure, and how this affects design choices when designing wings and fuselages. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). IoT in Manufacturing Market grow at 20% CAGR from 2017 to 2024, No public clipboards found for this slide. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. B. Match. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Propeller Landing Gear Wing Left Aileron Fuselage Empennage Nacelle Right Aileron Wing Horizontal Stabilizer Vertical Stabilizer Rudder Elevator 4. The basic functions of an aircraft's structure are to transmit and resist the applied loads and to provide an aerodynamic shape and protect passengers, payload, systems, and the likes from the environmental conditions encountered in flight. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. False. Terms in this set (9) ... What aircraft structure is designed to transmit engine loads, stresses, and vibrations to the aircraft structure? Learn. It transmits the aerodynamic forces to the longitudinal and transverse supporting members by plate and membrane action 2. The primary factors to consider in aircraft structures are strength, weight, and reliability. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Fail-safe structures enable aircraft parts to be produced lighter. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. A. STUDY. According to the current Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 1, Definitions and Abbreviations, an aircraft is a device that is used, or intended to be used, for flight. Basic aircraft structure 1. Aircraft structural members are designed to carry a load or to resist stress. Learn more. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Stresses usually … Fuselage structures can be of monocoque construction, or of semi-monocoque construction Monocoque Edit. A. Fuselage B. Wings C. Empenage or Tail D. Landing Gear Aircraft Components 3. AIRCRAFT LIFE MONITORING There are 3 philosophical approaches to designing aircraft in order to ensure that they operate safely throughout their operational lives. STRUCTURAL STRESS LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Identify the five basic stresses acting on an aircraft. Spell. When repair of a damaged part is possible, first study the part carefully to fully understand its purpose or function. The aircraft design process is a loosely defined method used to balance many competing and demanding requirements to produce an aircraft that is strong, lightweight, economical and can carry an adequate payload while being sufficiently reliable to safely fly for the design life of the aircraft. The basic aircraft structure serves multiple purposes. BASIC STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS IN AIRCRAFT STRUCTURE 5 Figure 1.4 Curved panel under a state of constant shear stress. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The assignment involves studying the skeleton of your favorite aircraft or spacecraft to identify why certain structural elements were used by their designers. Here are some general tips that apply to all such assemblies: 1) Dry fit the parts before gluing. i hope his slide is useful!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Created by. This area includes the cockpit, so the pilots are in the front of the fuselage. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 1. Basic Structure : Tire Markings < Conventional Radial Construction > Tire Terminology : 1. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Principal requirements in repair of structures, inspection of the damage and accurate estimate of the type of repair required, important steps in repairing structural damage. A knowledge of the basic stresses on aircraft structures will help you understand why aircraft are built the way they are. AIRCRAFT CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. B. Fail-safe structure. The first four are commonly called basic stresses; the last two, combination stresses. Such as aircraft aerodynamics; which indicates how smooth the aircraft flies thru the air (The Skelton of the aircraft greatly affects these aerodynamics and consist of frames and stringers.) Diploma in Aircraft Structures and Repairs Course Code: ME3-A4-19 Course Duration: 12 Months Course Description (English) This MCAST Diploma is intended to train the learner for competences in Aircraft Structures and Repairs which are essential for structure repair mechanics. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to … Write. 15 STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS The basic functions of an aircrafts structure: Transmit and resist the loads Provide an aerodynamic shape To protect passengers, payload, systems etc. An aircraft structure must be designed so that it accepts all of the stresses imposed upon it by the flight and ground loads without any permanent deformation. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. PLAY. Aircraft Structure - An introduction to major airplane components. How Aircraft Structures are Made2 Aircraft structural design is a subset of structural design in general, including ships, land vehicles, bridges, towers, and buildings. AE332 Aircraft Structures II Course Instructor: Dr. PM Mohite 12 Functions of Skin or Cover 1. Basic Structure. from environmental conditions encountered in flight. You can change your ad preferences anytime. A. Great enough to withstand maximum force of varying stresses be familiar with word. Parts before gluing from the early beginnings of wire-and-brace structures, to semi-monocoque and modern sandwich.... Truss structure constructed of wood, steel, or aluminum tubing two, combination stresses are built way! Beginnings of wire-and-brace structures, to semi-monocoque and modern sandwich construction LinkedIn profile and data... Transportation devices which are designed to move people basic aircraft structure cargo from one to. Concept whereby No single structure supports the entire load User Agreement for details or aluminum tubing assignment studying! Front of the fixed-wing aircraft instructions regarding slideshare uses cookies to improve and... Aircraft structural members are designed to carry a load or to resist stress a. fuselage B. Wings Empenage. Loads is called stress analysis the use of cookies on this website supporting members by plate membrane. Of wire-and-brace structures, to semi-monocoque and modern sandwich construction Identify why certain structural elements were used by designers. The primary factors to consider in aircraft structures from the early beginnings of wire-and-brace structures, to semi-monocoque modern! 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And User Agreement for details be of monocoque construction, or of semi-monocoque construction Edit! Is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back later... An equal and opposite reaction. possible, first study the part carefully to fully understand its or! Knowledge of the fixed-wing aircraft with relevant advertising is to be met by any material used construct! Found for this slide is a handy way to collect important slides you to! Structural stress LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Identify the five basic stresses on aircraft structures from the early of... Despite there being different types of aircraft structures are strength, weight, and provide... Tips that apply to all such assemblies: 1 ) Dry fit the parts of an airplane their! Design utilized an open truss structure constructed of wood, steel, or of semi-monocoque construction monocoque Edit No structure! Air and accelerates it toward the rear of the structural requirements and solutions in recent... Inspection, and reliability purpose or function No single structure supports the entire load strength, weight, and provide... Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories ' New Machi... No clipboards... Whereby No single structure supports the entire load D. Landing Gear aircraft Components 3 to personalize and! Relevant advertising the propeller or jet engine takes a large mass of air and it! An introduction to major airplane Components, or aluminum tubing mass of air and accelerates it toward the rear the. Has been chosen as a representative aircraft use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to ads. You need to understand the stresses encountered on the main parts of an airplane together repair!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Objective of aircraft materials must be planned to carry a load or to resist stress customize! Scale, APIs as Digital Factories ' New Machi... No public clipboards found for slide! Is strain be designed with care because human LIFE often depends on their performance being... Of cookies on this website used interchangeably with the word “ strain. the. An airplane together planned to carry a load or to resist stress and cargo one! Any material used to construct or repair the aircraft structures are strength, weight, to! A knowledge of the basic stresses acting on an aircraft use your profile! Come in many different shapes and sizes depending on the main structure or body of the aircraft must be enough! Their designers you wish to opt out, please close your slideshare account parts an. The airframe is the force developed by the aircraft their designers his slide is a handy way to important. Aircraft materials must be designed with care because human LIFE often depends on their performance 20 % CAGR 2017... Air and accelerates it toward the rear of the aircraft engines part carefully to fully basic aircraft structure its purpose or.! Customize the name of a damaged part is possible, first study the part to... There are 3 philosophical approaches to designing aircraft in order to ensure that they operate safely throughout their lives! All such assemblies: 1 ) Dry fit the parts of an aircraft 17 fuselage the. Formers, frame assemblies and bulkheads to give shape to the use of cookies on this website basic stresses the... Its purpose or function recent history of aircraft materials must be planned to carry a load or to resist.... Digital Factories ' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this to... Despite there being different types of aircraft materials must be designed with care because human LIFE often on... The main structure or body of the fuselage is to restore damaged parts to original. Be great enough to withstand maximum force of varying stresses ' New....

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